What is psoriasis?
Psoriasis is a gene-programmed inflammatory disease that affects about 3% of the individual’s skin in the United States. Psoriasis is characterized by a 10-fold increase in skin cells than normal. When these cells reach the surface and die, left, with white scales covered with red patches. Psoriasis begins with a small scales pimples. When multiple pimples are combined, they form a scale patch. These plaques often occur on the scalp, elbow, and knee.
Although psoriasis plaques can only be confined to a few small areas, this may involve extensive skin areas anywhere in the body. Psoriasis symptoms vary depending on the type of psoriasis. Common psoriasis symptoms can include the following:
The red skin is covered with silvery scales
Dry, broken skin
Itching, burning or soreness
When the scales peel off bleeding small
Types of psoriasis
Plaque Psoriasis is the most common type of psoriasis, its name comes from the accumulation of patches on the skin. Often have clear red skin patches that can appear in any area of the skin, but the knee, elbow, scalp, trunk, and nail are the most common position. There is also a piece of white, white accumulation in the plaque above, called scales. Possible symptoms of plaque psoriasis include skin pain, itching, and cracking.
There are many non-prescription drugs that are effective in treating plaque psoriasis. 1% hydrocortisone cream is a local steroid that can inhibit mild disease, and tar-containing preparations are effective in treating plaque psoriasis.
Scalp psoriasis is a common skin disease that makes bulging, reddish, common squamous plaques. Scalp psoriasis can affect the entire scalp, or just pop up a patch. This type of psoriasis can even spread to the forehead, neck, or after the ear. Scalp psoriasis symptoms may include only small scales. Moderate to severe scalp psoriasis symptoms may include scalp-like peeling, scalp dryness, and hair loss. Scalp psoriasis does not directly cause hair loss, but scalp pressure and excessive scratches or scratching may cause hair loss.
Scalp psoriasis can be treated with pharmaceutical shampoos, creams, gels, oils, ointments, and soaps. Salicylic acid and coal tar are two drugs in the over-the-counter products that help cure scalp psoriasis. Steroid injections and phototherapy may help to treat mild scalp psoriasis. Biological agents are the latest class of drugs that can be used to treat severe scalp psoriasis.
Drops of psoriasis
Drops of psoriasis look like little pink spots on the skin or drops. The word guttate comes from the Latin gutta, meaning the drop. The tilt of squamous psoriasis tends to be finer than scaly psoriasis. Lymph node psoriasis is usually caused by streptococci (streptococcal laryngitis), and the outbreak usually occurs two to three weeks after the occurrence of streptococcal spasm.
Sprayed psoriasis tends to disappear after several weeks of treatment. Humectants can be used to soften the skin. If there is a history of psoriasis, the doctor can take the throat culture to determine the presence of streptococcal laryngitis. If the throat culture indicates the presence of streptococci, then the doctor may be out of antibiotics.
Many patients with psoriasis have nail abnormalities. Psoriasis nails usually have a horizontal white or yellow edge at the tip of the nail, known as distal schizophrenia, since the nail is lifted from the skin. Fingernails often have small pits, nails are often yellow and fragile.
The same treatment for skin psoriasis is beneficial for nail psoriasis. However, due to slow nail growth, improvement may take some time to appear. Nail psoriasis can be treated with light therapy, systemic therapy (drugs throughout the body) and steroids (cream or injections). If the drug does not improve the condition of nail psoriasis, the doctor can remove nails by surgery.
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